How to Buy Hats: Types, Styles, & Materials
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A Brief History of Hats
What can we say about hats that hasn’t already been said? Historically, hats have been worn to mark social status or military rank. Straw hats have been used and made for hundreds of years by farmers to block the sun all over the globe. Hats became a common part of American culture through baseball and military use. Now that you know about the history of hats, on to the fun part.
For your hat-shopping pleasure, we've divided our hat guide into the following sections:
Types of Hats
As a general rule, if it has a front facing brim and panel construction, it is a ball cap. There are many different types of ball caps based on how they adjust to your head and how they are constructed. These include fitted, snapback, strapback, flexfit, trucker and 5-panel styles.
Measure your dome and buy accordingly. These hat sizes are usually the circumference of your head, in inches (7 5/8", etc. Fitted hats are standard baseball caps, made from 6 cloth triangles and topped with a fabric-covered button called a, yes, this is the real word, squatchee.
Snapbacks got their start in sports during the 1950s but declined as fitted hats became more popular. It wasn’t until the ’80s and ’90s that snapbacks blew up in the hip hop scene and they gained popularity across the hat-wearing world. They use plastic snaps to adjust the diameter (size) of the hat. Snapbacks can generally be found on truckers, baseball, and old school Starter style hats.
Strapbacks overlap with traditional 6-panel and 5-panel hats. They are similar to snapbacks, but instead use an adjustable leather or poly band to adjust the head diameter.
These hats were all the rage in the ’90s (expect to see a resurgence soon). They are made out of a “poly-weave spandex” and stretch to fit your dome. One size fits most. We expect a comeback in 2020.
Trucker hats were originally used by truck drivers and farmers. Why? They were generally cheap giveaways by agricultural companies and are breathable by nature: good for working outside, which actually translates well to snow and action sports. Truckers are made with mesh and foam instead of the sweat-magnet called cotton and are generally snapbacks.
Listen up, fashionistas. You might love 5-panels these days, but do you know the history? Five-panels are a descendent of cycling caps and became popular in New York City (Spike Lee may have had something to do with this) as their skate functionality was discovered, exploited and adapted. Usually, 5-panels are made with a strapback style closure for adjustability. They are made with different construction than a standard ball cap - two top panels, two side panels and a front panel compared to the standard 6 triangle constructions.
Beanies keep your head warm and the hair out of your face. They come in a couple of distinctive fits that can really change the vibe of your headwear. Slouch beanies for, example, can be used to store all those natty dreads. If you wear a slouch beanie, be prepared for reservoir tip comments. Skullcap style beanies are tight fitting and give off a tough vibe; they should be accompanied by at least one facial scar (shaving, rail grind accident, they are all good). Roll up beanies do what they sound like they would and are quite versatile; wear one under a ski helmet or just around town depending on your roll preference. Pom pom beanies got their start as military wear (it’s true, call the French and Scottish) but have now been relegated to off-mountain wear for skiers and boarders (because they don’t fit under helmets), and on mountain wear for snow bunnies who don’t wear helmets. In Canada, they call beanies by their Canadian translation, a toque.
At evo, fashion hats include fedoras, buckets, cabbies and bowlers, to name a few. Generally, they are less casual and go well with a collared shirt or the ’50s. The longer and potentially wraparound brim is designed to protect you from sun or rain.
- Bowler (Derby) – Charlie Chaplin loved the bowler. It has been popular in the Americas for over a hundred years, worn by the good, the bad and the ugly. The Bowler is defined by its close fitting brim and low crown.
- Bucket – From it's roots in the Israeli Defense Forces of the 1940s to Gilligan's Island and 80s and 90s rap, the bucket hat has been around for a while. A recent resurgence in popularity (check out freeskiing and snowboarding) makes a lot of sense - it's an ideal hat for maximum sun protection.
- Cabbie (Ascot) – The Ascot is a firm, rounded short cap, usually made of wool or felt. It is also called a cabbie due to its historic use by cab drivers.
- Coonskin Cap – The play: Catch a raccoon, tame it, and convince it to sit peacefully on your head. If you can’t do that a Coonskin cap like Davy Crockett’s will work in a pinch.
- Fedora – Typically creased down the center of the crown, fedoras have a medium sized brim extending all around the hat for optimal wear protection and Depression era steeze.
- Beret – If you aren’t in the Special Forces, a craftsman of fine talent, or a French national, we recommend you avoid the beret.
- Panama – This is the straw hat you want for a vacation in the tropics. Panama hats are lightweight and made out of straw.
- Viking – The classic Viking hat has horns or wings. It is usually metal, both in material and sentiment. Viking helmets are commonly worn into battle, in the halls of Valhalla, at keggers, with excessive body hair, and during 19th century Opera.
- Shower Cap – The shower cap doesn’t get much street love these days, except from D 12 and Bizarre. However, YOU HEARD IT HERE FIRST: Shower caps are the next big craze in park rattery and park rat-ness.
Hats these days come in all sorts of shapes, sizes and materials. Materials can, to some extent, limit the style of the hat. You probably won’t see too many straw flex fits or shower caps, and you can’t expect to find a nylon Viking hat – it just wouldn’t make sense.
– Cotton is an everyday fabric for everyday use. Cotton shows up everywhere, and in most hats. You can think of cotton as the tomato of fabrics. Why tomato? Because tomatoes grow everywhere and are great in most salads and sandwiches.
– Made from the hair of sheep, wool is soft and flexible. It is also resistant to fire, who knew? Wool can also be insulating and therefore comes in handy for hats. Wool is making a comeback with 5-panels and snapbacks, and it is also commonly seen in fashion caps.
– There are many bonuses to an acrylic hat: resistance to sun and moths (yes, moths), plus they’re cheap and colorfast. You will find acrylic in just about every hat style for those reasons. It is not a natural material but what is these days?
– Usually derived from wool, felt is used to make yurts, bowler hats and fedoras - evo sells a few of these (mainly yurts, just kidding). Don’t be surprised to see felt show up in a 5-panel, as this material is making a comeback.
– Nylon is commonly used to make the mesh backs of trucker hats. Fun fact of the day: Nylon was invented in 1935 and is relatively new to the hat game. It’s made with synthetic polymers… say that 10 times fast.
– Standard Polyesthylene Teraphthalate, also known as polyester, shows up all over hats in brims, mesh and linings. We can almost assure you: YOU ARE WEARING SOME NOW AND MAY NOT EVEN KNOW IT.
– Yup, evo has straw hats. Usually found in fedora or sun hats, straw is perhaps the oldest hat material in the world!
– The most shredtacular of hat materials, metal hats are commonly smithed by a large and stern man, usually missing at least one finger. If it can’t take a blow from a Viking war hammer, it’s not a metal hat.
How To Wear a Hat
- First of all, you should measure your head. It’s a good thing to know, and it will prepare you for a world of fitted caps, sized beanies and fashion hats. Measuring your head is actually a fairly simple process, take a soft tape measure and wrap it around the circumference of your head, slightly above the ears and eyebrows (about where you would wear a hat). Most hat sizes are measured in inches, centimeters, or both.
- The second step, once you have your hat: Take the sticker and tags off. Do it. Now. We’re serious. For street cred, wear a hat of a brand you like as you are advertising it on your dome. Extra points can be gained for 1) rocking two hats 2) rocking it at an absurd and unlikely angle 3) Rocking the wolf on your noggin’ 4) Being tru’ to jah self.
This concludes the evo hat guide. We hope it has been helpful, and you can now find the right hat for your style and needs.
Learn more with our other Accessories Guides:
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Still have questions? Please give our customer care team a call at 866-386-1590, Customer Care Hours. They can help you find the right skis to fit your needs.